The Six Seasons in the First Nations culture

by Vincent Levesque on April 10, 2024

Equinoxes and solstices are important stages in the process of making Esprit Amérindienliquid incense .

Indeed, Vincent Levesque, its creator, takes advantage of these planetary alignments, which create a stronger energy, to make the spiritual step with the crystals and intentions in the production ofEsprit Amérindien.

The 6 First Nations seasons

March 20, 2024 marked the equinox and arrival of spring in the northern hemisphere and autumn in the southern. It is a day of approximately 12 hours of daylight and 12 hours of darkness.

It also heralds the awakening of nature in Quebec. Geese and bustards head north, birds sing in the leafless trees where the first buds are timidly appearing.

In many of Canada's aboriginal communities, the year unfolds not in four but in six seasons:

The first season is pre-spring, which includes the months of March (otter month) and April, when the moon is reflected on the ice.

The second season is spring, with May, the month of flowers, and June, the month of strawberries.

June 21 marks the summer solstice, the longest day of the year. From then on, the days begin to shorten until December 21. It's also National Aboriginal Day in Canada.

The third season is summer. Fruit arrives in July, the month of raspberries. The young animals born in spring grow up and, in August, the young birds learn to fly.

The fourth season is autumn. In September, the month when porcupines breed, the leaves fall from the trees and nature lights up with beautiful colors.

September 21 marks the autumnal equinox, when day equals night before the number of daylight hours diminishes until December 21, when we experience the longest night of the year.

October is salmon and trout month. It's moose-hunting time. Everything is used: even the hide is kept to make sinew for snowshoes.

The fifth season is pre-winter , which includes the months of November and December. The snow returns and the animals build their shelters. This is the season when the animals have their most beautiful fur, which opens up the trapping season.

The sixth season is winter. Snow sets in for good. January is the longest month, and February is Groundhog Month.

December 21 marks the winter solstice. It's the shortest day of the year. From then on, the days begin to lengthen until June 21.